web site statistics software
 

Albanian |  English |  French | Espanol | Italian | Deutch

 
 

 
   .Fletet e Verdha   kerko me emer   kerko numer    regjistrohu 

                               

                         Kerko me emer             

 

 

 
    farmaci        doktore        dentiste      materniteti      spitale          policia      autoservis    zjarrfikese    telekom       ujsjellesi       Kesh          aeroporte       portet           banka           postat
Fletet e Verdha - Gjirokastra - ne Flete te Verdha
 
Country Albania
County Gjirokastėr County
District Gjirokastėr District
Government
• Mayor Flamur Bime
Area
• Municipality and City 5.25 km2 (2.03 sq mi)
Elevation 300 m (1,000 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
• Municipality and City 19,836
• Density 3,800/km2 (9,800/sq mi)
• Metro 43,095
Time zone Central European Time (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 6001–6003
Area code(s) (+355) 84
Vehicle registration GJ
  Country Albania
County Gjirokastėr County
District Gjirokastėr District
Government
• Mayor Flamur Bime
Area
• Municipality and City 5.25 km2 (2.03 sq mi)
Elevation 300 m (1,000 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
• Municipality and City 19,836
• Density 3,800/km2 (9,800/sq mi)
• Metro 43,095
Time zone Central European Time (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 6001–6003
Area code(s) (+355) 84
Vehicle registration GJ

 

 

E vendosur nė Shqipėrinė jugore, Gjirokastra qėndron nė shpatet e pjerrėta tė luginės sė lumit Drino, nė njė pozicion mbisundues mbi njė peizazh tė pasur me histori, kufijtė e tė cilit pėrvijohen nga maja malesh tė larta. Ky ėshtė “qyteti i njė mijė shkallėve” qė pėrfshin qindra shtėpi-kullė tė tipit otoman me ēatitė dalluese tė gurta, ballkonet e drunjta dhe muret e gurta herė-herė tė zbardhura me gėlqere. E mbisunduar nga ana e vet prej kalasė madhėshtore qė ngrihet mbi njė kodėr tė thiktė, Gjirokastra ėshtė njė qytet magjik me njė tė shkuar tė trazuar. Nga bastion i feudalizmit nė xhevahir otoman mė pas nė qendėr e rėndėsishme e pushtuesve fashistė italianė, qyteti ka njohur shumė sundimtarė dhe ka frymėzuar shumė poetė, shkrimtarė dhe artistė.

 

E njohur mė shumė si “Qyteti i Gurtė”, Gjirokastra ėshtė sot njė qendėr me rėndėsi nė zhvillim e turizmit tė trashėgimisė kulturore. Njė shėtitje nėpėr rrugėt e kalldrėmta qė kacavirren rreth pazarit tradicional i kthen vizitorėt menjėherė mbrapsht nė histori. Njė vizitė nė kalanė madhėshtore tė shekullit XIII i sjell tė gjalla tregimet aventurore tė sundimtarėve mesjetarė dhe mizoritė e kohės sė komunizmit. Ka aq shumė gjėra interesante nė Gjirokastėr dhe rreth saj; duke qėndruar nė njė nga shtėpitė e vjetra tė kthyera nė hotele e bujtina, keni siguruar njė bazė tė mrekullueshme pėr tė eksploruar rajonin. Ne shpresojmė se nė kėtė faqe nė internet ju do tė gjeni gjithēka ju duhet pėr tė marrė nxitjen dhe informacionin e duhur pėr tė vizituar Gjirokastrėn e rrethinat e saj.

 

 

 

Gjirokastėr is a city in southern Albania with a population of 43,000. Lying in the historical region of Epirus, it is the capital of both the Gjirokastėr District and the larger Gjirokastėr County. Its old town is inscribed on the World Heritage List as "a rare example of a well-preserved Ottoman town, built by farmers of large estate." Gjirokastėr is situated in a valley between the Gjerė mountains and the Drino River, at 300 m (984 ft) above sea level. The city is overlooked by the Gjirokastėr Castle where Gjirokaster National Folklore Festival is held every five years. Gjirokastėr is the birthplace of former Albanian communist leader Enver Hoxha and notable writer Ismail Kadare. It hosts the Eqerem Ēabej University.

The city appears in the historical record in 1336 by its Greek name, Argyrokastro (Αργυρόκαστρο),[2] as part of the Byzantine Empire.[3] It later became the center of the local principality under the Albanian lord, Gjon Zenebishi (1373-1417), before falling under Ottoman Empire rule for the next five centuries.[3] Taken by the Greek Army during the Balkan Wars on account of its large Greek population,[4] it was eventually incorporated into the newly independent state of Albania in 1913. This proved highly unpopular with the local Greek population, who rebelled and after several months of guerilla warfare established the short-lived Autonomous Republic of Northern Epirus with Gjirokaster as its capital in 1914. It was definitively awarded to Albania in 1921.[5] In more recent years, the city witnessed anti-government protests that lead to major political instability in Albania (1997).[6]

Alongside Albanians, the city is home to a substantial Greek minority.[7] Gjirokastėr, together with Saranda, is considered one of the centers of the Greek community in Albania,[8] and there is a Greek consulate in town.[9]
Etymology

The city appeared for the first time in historical records under its medieval Greek name of Argyrocastron (Greek: Αργυρόκαστρον), as mentioned by John VI Kantakouzenos in 1336.[10] The name comes from the Medieval Greek ἀργυρόν (argyron), meaning "silver", and κάστρον (kastron), from the Latin castrum meaning "castle" or "fortress", thus "silver castle". The theory that the city took the name of the Princess Argjiro, a legendary figure about whom Ismail Kadare wrote a poem in the 1960s, is considered a folk etymology, since the princess is said to have lived later, in the 15th century.[11]

The definite Albanian form of the name of city is Gjirokastra, while in the Gheg Albanian dialect it is known as Gjinokastėr, both of which derive from the Greek name.[12] Alternative spellings found in Western sources are Girokaster and Girokastra. In Aromanian the city is known as Ljurocastru, while in modern Greek it is known Αργυρόκαστρο (Argyrokastro). During the Ottoman era the town was known in Turkish as Ergiri.
History

Archaeologists have found pottery objects of the early Iron Age in Gjirokastėr, which first appeared in the late Bronze Age in Pazhok, Elbasan District, and are found throughout Albania.[13] The earliest recorded inhabitants of the area around Gjirokastėr were the Greek tribe of the Chaonians.
Melani Tekke

The city's walls date from the 3rd century AD. The high stone walls of the Citadel were built from the 6th to the 12th century.[14] During this period, Gjirokastėr developed into a major commercial center known as Argyropolis (Ancient Greek: Ἀργυρόπολις, meaning "Silver City") or Argyrokastron (Ancient Greek: Ἀργυρόκαστρον, meaning "Silver Castle").[15]

The city was part of the Byzantine Despotate of Epirus, and it was first mentioned, by the name of Argyrokastro, by the Byzantine Emperor John VI Kantakouzenos in 1336.[2] During 1386–1418 it became the capital of the Principality of Gjirokastėr under Gjon Zenebishi. In 1417 it became part of the Ottoman Empire and in 1419 it became the county town of the Sanjak of Albania.[16] During the Albanian Revolt of 1432-1436 it was besieged by forces under Depė Zenebishi, but the rebels were defeated by Ottoman troops led by Turahan Bey[17]

According to Turkish traveller Evliya Ēelebi, who visited the city in 1670, at that time there were 200 houses within the castle, 200 in the Christian eastern neighborhood of Kyēyk Varosh (meaning small neighborhood outside the castle), 150 houses in the Byjyk Varosh (meaning big neighborhood outside the castle), and six additional neighborhoods: Palorto, Vutosh, Dunavat, Manalat, Haxhi Bey, and Memi Bey, extending on eight hills around the castle.[18] According to the traveller, the city had at that time around 2000 houses, eight mosques, three churches, 280 shops, five fountains, and five inns.[18]

In 1811, Gjirokastėr became part of the Pashalik of Yanina, then led by the Albanian-born Ali Pasha, and was transformed into a semi-autonomous fiefdom in the southwestern Balkans until his death in 1822. After the fall of the pashalik in 1868, the city was the capital of the sandjak of Ergiri (the Turkish name for Gjirokastėr). On 23 July 1880, southern Albanian committees of the League of Prizren held a congress in the city, in which was decided that if Albanian-populated areas of the Ottoman Empire were ceded to neighbouring countries, they would revolt.[19] During the Albanian National Awakening (1831–1912), the city was a major centre of the movement, and some groups in the city were reported to carry portraits of Skanderbeg, the national hero of the Albanians during this period.[20]

Given its large Greek population, the city was claimed and taken by Greece during the First Balkan War of 1912–1913, following the retreat of the Ottomans from the region.[21] However, it was awarded to Albania under the terms of the Treaty of London of 1913 and the Protocol of Florence of 17 December 1913.[22]
The official declaration of the Autonomous Republic of Northern Epirus (1 March 1914). The River Drino is in the background.

This turn of events proved highly unpopular with the local Greek population, and their representatives under Georgios Christakis-Zografos formed the Panepirotic Assembly in Gjirokastėr in protest.[23] The Assembly, short of incorporation with Greece, demanded either local autonomy or an international occupation by forces of the Great Powers for the districts of Gjirokastėr, Saranda, and Korēė.[24] In March 1914, the Autonomous Republic of Northern Epirus was declared in Gjirokastėr and was confirmed by the Great Powers with the Protocol of Corfu.[25] The Republic, however, was short-lived, as Albania collapsed at the beginning of the First World War.[26] The Greek military returned in October–November 1914, and again captured Gjirokastėr, along with Saranda and Korēė.[27] In April 1916, the territory referred to by Greeks as Northern Epirus, including Gjirokastėr, was annexed to Greece.[27] The Paris Peace Conference of 1919 restored the pre-war status quo, essentially upholding the border line decided in the 1913 Protocol of Florence, and the city was again returned to Albanian control.[28]

In April 1939, Gjirokastėr was occupied by Italy following the Italian invasion of Albania. In December 1940, during the Greco-Italian War, the Greek Army entered the city and stayed for a four-month period before capitulating to the Germans in April 1941 and returning the city to Italian command. After the Italy's capitulation in September 1943, the city was taken by German forces, and eventually returned to Albanian control in 1944.

The postwar Communist regime developed the city as an industrial and commercial centre. It was elevated to the status of a museum town,[29] as it was the birthplace of the Communist leader of Albania, Enver Hoxha, who had been born there in 1908. His house was converted into a museum.[30]

Gjirokastėr suffered severe economic problems following the end of communist rule in 1991. In the spring of 1993, the region of Gjirokastėr became a center of open conflict between Greek minority members and the Albanian police.[31] The city was particularly affected by the 1997 collapse of a massive pyramid scheme which destabilised the entire Albanian economy.[6] The city became the focus of a rebellion against the government of Sali Berisha; violent anti-government protests took place which eventually forced Berisha's resignation. On 16 December 1997, Hoxha's house was damaged by unknown attackers, but subsequently restored.[32]
Religion and culture
The city's only remaining mosque, Gjirokastėr Mosque, built in 1757
Roofs of Gjirokastėr houses

In 1925, Albania became the world center of Bektashism, a Muslim sect. The sect was headquartered in Tirana, and Gjirokastėr was one of six districts of the Bektashism in Albania, with its center at the tekke of Asim Baba.[33] The city retains a large Bektashi and Sunni Muslim population. Historically there were 15 and tekkes and mosques, of which 13 were functional in 1945.[34] Only Gjirokastėr Mosque has survived; the remaining 12 were destroyed or closed during the Cultural Revolution of the communist government in 1967.[34]

The city is home to an Eastern Orthodox diocese, part of the Orthodox Church of Albania.[35]

17th-century Ottoman traveller Evliya Ēelebi, who visited the city in 1670, described the city in detail. One Sunday, Ēelebi heard the sound of a vajtim, the traditional Albanian lament for the dead, performed by a professional mourner. The traveller found the city so noisy that he dubbed Gjirokastėr the "city of wailing".[36]

The novel Chronicle in Stone by Albanian writer Ismail Kadare tells the history of this city during the Italian and Greek occupation in World War I and II, and expands on the customs of the people of Gjirokastėr. At the age of twenty-four, Albanian writer Musine Kokalari wrote an 80-page collection of ten youthful prose tales in her native Gjirokastrian dialect: As my old mother tells me (Albanian: Siē me thotė nėnua plakė), Tirana, 1941. The book tells the day-by-day struggles of women of Gjirokastėr, and describes the prevailing mores of the region.[37]

Gjirokastėr, home to both Albanian and Greek polyphonic singing, is also home to the National Folklore Festival (Albanian: Festivali Folklorik Kombėtar) that is held every five years. The festival started in 1968[38] and was most recently held in 2009, its ninth season.[39] The festival takes place on the premises of Gjirokaster Castle. Gjirokaster is also where the Greek language newspaper Laiko Vima is published. Founded in 1945, it was the only Greek-language printed media allowed during the Socialist People's Republic of Albania.

Country Albania
County Gjirokastėr County
District Gjirokastėr District
Government
• Mayor Flamur Bime
Area
• Municipality and City 5.25 km2 (2.03 sq mi)
Elevation 300 m (1,000 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
• Municipality and City 19,836
• Density 3,800/km2 (9,800/sq mi)
• Metro 43,095
Time zone Central European Time (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 6001–6003
Area code(s) (+355) 84
Vehicle registration GJ
 
  Bashkia e Gjirokastres
  Hotele Gjirokaster
  Fletet e Bardha Gjirokaster
  Restorante Gjirokaster
  Fletet e Verdha Gjirokaster
  Foto Berat
  Harta Berat
 

 

 

  Kategorite me te klikuara  
 
hotele - albanian hotels
veshja - butik
qendra tregtare - supermarkete
agjensi martesore - fustane nusesh
koncensionare - koncensionare per makina
piceri, pica ekspres
 
 
agjensi imobiliare
restorante - restorante per specialitet
agjensi udhetimesh
universitete - shkolla private
agjensite e udhetimeve
argjendari
 
 
ndertimi, kompani ndertimi
mobilje
materiale ndertimi
agjensite e publiciteti - transporti
agjensi te punesimit
bare dhe pub
 
 
kompjuter dhe aksesore
konsulenca tregtare
avokate
lule dhe bime - institute bukurie
klinika dentare
klinika mjeksore
 
 
 
Te tjera sherbime ne tematiken e perditeshme Fletet e Verdha Lokale

 Fletet e Verdha webmail

Flete te Verdha Video

kerko  adrese  

 Guidat e Biznesit

Flete te Verdha Mobile

kerko ne kategori  

 Hotelet te Fletet e Verdha

Flete Te Verdha Shendeti

numeratori telefonik  

 Partners e co

Flete te Verdha.mobi

kerko me nipt  

 World Directories office

Puna ime me fleteteverdha

kerko nje numer  

 Trademarks Albania

Fleteteverdha tel

maps  

 Europages

Flete te Bardha advertising  

 Albanian Trademarks

Yellow pages albania Kerko produkte  

 Marka dhe Patenta

Kerko me Nipt Kerko me alfabet argumente  

 Webstore

Fletet e verdha te Kosoves Kujt i perket ky domain ?  
Fletet e Verdha tirana
Fletet e Verdha berati
Fletet e Verdha durresi
Fletet e Verdha elbasani
Fletet e Verdha fier
Fletet e Verdha gjirokaster
Fletet e Verdha korce
Fletet e Verdha shkoder
Fletet e Verdha sarande
Fletet e Verdha pogradec
Fletet e Verdha kavaje
Fletet e Verdha lushnje
Fletet e Verdha vlore
Flit TV
 
 

 

Flete te Verdha Te Shqiperise | Copyright 1997-Sunday,| Tel +355 4 2230676 | Fax +355 4 2230676 |

Te gjitha te drejtat e rezervuara | Fleteteverdha shpk - Nipt K81823012V - Ngjyrat: e zeza, e verdha, perfaqesojne figurat te trademark-eve te regjistruar.
Kompatibel me Internet Explorer , Mozilla Firefox, Opera , Safari

Trademark- at e mbrojtura •• Markat Fleteteverdha shpk te mbrojtura •• Kontaktoni Fleteteverdha shpk •• About Us - Maps Albania - Nipt K81823012V